Board of Directors
The Purpose of a Board of Directors
Your organizations board of directors will help manage, discuss, implement and maintain your mission and goals. They should be able to attend regular meetings to ensure successful organizational planning and see that all resources are managed effectively.
Directors supervise all aspects of the organizations operations and evaluate its performance and success. Directors need to follow all activities that affect the mission or goals. All directors must be able to set aside any potential conflict between their personal or individual business interests to support the ongoing growth of the organization.
A Board of Directors gets its authority from the articles, which will be discussed in the next lesson. This governing document specifies, for example, its name, the purpose or mission of the organization, place of business, primary officers, etc.
Duties of a Board of Directors
Several states have statutes adopting duties, which can be used in court to determine whether a board member has acted improperly. These standards are usually described as the duty of care, the duty of loyalty and the duty of obedience.
Duty of Care
The duty of care describes the level of competence that is expected of a board member, and is commonly expressed as the duty of “care that an ordinarily prudent person would exercise in a like position and under similar circumstances.” This means that a board member owes the duty to exercise reasonable care when he or she makes a decision as a steward of the organization.
Duty of Loyalty
The duty of loyalty is a standard of faithfulness; a board member must give undivided allegiance when making decisions affecting the organization. This means that a board member can never use information obtained as a member for personal gain, but must act in the best interests of the organization.
Duty of Obedience
The duty of obedience requires board members to be faithful to the organization’s mission. They are not permitted to act in a way that is inconsistent with the central goals of the organization. A basis for this rule lies in the public’s trust that the organization will manage donated funds to fulfill the organization’s mission.
Requirements of a good Board of Directors
The people you elect to serve on the board of directors should have:
· Passion about the mission
· Knowledge of all the ins and outs of the organization
· A wide variety of expertise
· Understanding of the overall mission and vision
· Commitment to the mission and it’s goals
· Time available to serve the organization
Job Descriptions of a Board of Directors
Most states require at least 3 members on the board of directors, which constitute the organizations officers. These must include a president (board chair) and a secretary. For this lesson I am including the basic job descriptions of the President, Vice President, Treasurer, Secretary and the basic Board Member
PRESIDENT / CHAIR / CHIEF VOLUNTARY OFFICER (CVO)
(adapted from The Board Café)
General: Ensures the effective action of the board in governing and supporting the organization, and oversees board affairs. Acts as the representative of the board as a whole, rather than as an individual supervisor to staff.
Community: Speaks to the media and the community on behalf of the organization (as does the executive director); represents the agency in the community.
Meetings: Develops agendas for meetings in concert with the executive director. Presides at board meetings.
Committees: Recommends to the board, which committees are to be established. Seeks volunteers for committees and coordinates individual board member assignments. Makes sure each committee has a chairperson, and stays in touch with chairpersons to be sure that their work is carried out; identifies committee recommendations that should be presented to the full board. Determines whether executive committee meetings are necessary and convenes the committee accordingly.
Executive Director: Establishes search and selection committee (usually acts as chair) for hiring an executive director. Convenes board discussions on evaluating the executive director and negotiating compensation and benefits package; conveys information to the executive director.
Board Affairs: Ensures that board matters are handled properly, including preparation of pre-meeting materials, committee functioning, and recruitment and orientation of new board members.
VICE PRESIDENT / VICE CHAIR
(adapted from The Board Café)
General: Acts as the president/chair in his or her absence; assists the president/chair on the above or other specified duties.
Special Responsibilities: Frequently assigned to a special area of responsibility, such as membership, media, annual dinner, facility, or personnel.
Some organizations choose to make the vice president, explicitly or implicitly, the president-elect.
(adapted from The Board Café)
General: Manages the board’s review of, and action related to, the board’s financial responsibilities. May work directly with the bookkeeper or other staff in developing and implementing financial procedures and systems.
Reports: Ensures that appropriate financial reports are made available to the board. Regularly reports to board on key financial events, trends, concerns, and assessment of fiscal health.
Finance Committee: Chairs the Finance Committee and prepares agendas for meetings, including a year-long calendar of issues. In larger organizations, a separate Audit Committee may be chaired by a different person.
Auditor: Recommends to the board whether the organization should have an audit. If so, selects and meets annually with the auditor in conjunction with the Finance and/or Audit Committees.
Cash Management and Investments: Ensures, through the Finance Committee, sound management and maximization of cash and investments.
Board Secretary Job Description
The following description was adapted from materials from the National Center for Nonprofit Boards.
1. Is a member of the Board
2. Maintains records of the board and ensures effective management of organization’s records
3. Manages minutes of board meetings
4. Ensures minutes are distributed to members shortly after each meeting
5. Is sufficiently familiar with legal documents (articles, by-laws, IRS letters, etc.) to note applicability during meetings
Board Member Job Description
(The following description was adapted from materials from BoardSource)
1. Regularly attends board meetings and important related meetings.
2. Makes serious commitment to participate actively in committee work.
3. Volunteers for and willingly accepts assignments and completes them thoroughly and on time.
4. Stays informed about committee matters, prepares themselves well for meetings, and reviews and comments on minutes and reports.
5. Gets to know other committee members and builds a collegial working relationship that contributes to consensus.
6. Is an active participant in the committee’s annual evaluation and planning efforts.
7. Participates in fund raising for the organization.
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Entry filed under: Board of Directors, Getting Incorporated, Getting Started. Tags: association, board member, Board of Directors, cash management, committees, description, duties, incorporation, investments, job, organization, president, requirements, secretary, treasurer, vice-president.